In 1865, a corporate ancestor of this company installed the second Bessemer (Kelly) converter in America. [HAER-data] (The first was in the Detroit area in 1864.)
13. Blast furnace plant embraces the east bank of the Cuyahoga River. Plant was established in 1881 by the Cleveland Rolling Mill Co. It was absorbed by the American Steel and Wire Co. in 1899 and, two years later, by the U.S. Steel Corp., which closed it in 1978. View looking north. - Central Furnaces, 2650 Broadway, east bank of Cuyahoga River, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH
[I have not been able to identify the bridge across the river.]
|HAER OHIO,18-CLEV,32-, cropped|
14. Blast furnaces D (at left) and A, looking west. - Central Furnaces, 2650 Broadway, east bank of Cuyahoga River, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH
The history of Central Furnaces—in continuous operation for almost one hundred years—illustrates Cleveland's role as one of the Nation's leading iron and steel centers. The plant was established in 1881 by the Cleveland Rolling Mill Company to supply pig iron to its steel works at Newburgh. In 1899, this company was acquired by the American Steel & Wire Company of New Jersey, which in turn was absorbed by the United States Steel Corporation just two years later. After 1933, when the Newburgh steel works closed. Central Furnaces continued to produce merchant pig iron for a variety of foundry customers. Furnace D (1911), still extant [written in 1979], represents one of the early experiments in thin-lined furnace construction. An ore-unloading dock, installed in 1908, features two 10-ton-capacity Hulett unloaded built by the Wellman-Seaver-Morgan Company of Cleveland. [HAER-data]
|Steve Vanden Bosch posted|
Onoko from Detroit Publishing Collection from the Library of Congress
Dale Pohto: Looks to be the Central Furnace plant on the Cuyahoga.
Brigham Cowan: still amazed at the resolution of these old photos. If someone was in that pilothouse holding up a newspaper.. we could read the headline
Steve Vanden Bosch posted three photos with the comment:
Here is a photo from the Library of Congress of the R E SCHUCK which became the HYDRUS which foundered in the great Storm of November 1913. She was built by American Shipbuilding in Lorain Ohio in 1903 for Gilchrist Transportation.And thanks to Fred Bultman who pointed out this photo was at Central Furnace Cleveland which was the same location as our previous cover photo of the Onoko[The comments continue with details about the ship.]
I wonder where this photo was taken because it has lots of Hulett Unloaders and some ore bridges.
|Paul Erspamer commented on Steve's post|
HYDRUS unloading, Jared Daniel photo.
5. Copy of a c. 1880 Photograph showing the Newburgh Blast Furnaces of the Cleveland Rolling Mill Company.
[These furnaces evidently did 60 tons/day.]
Newburgh expanded by establishing the Central Furnace site in 1880.
- 1883, Furnace B: 75' high by 20' in diameter, 275 tons/day
- 1887, Furnace C: 80' x 20', 275 tons/day, the Newburgh furnaces were dismantled in 1884
- 1901, Furnace A: 100' x 21'
- 1904, Furnaces B and C were rebuilt
- 1911, Furnace D: 93' x 22', 500 tons/day. It was the fourth experimental "thin-lined" furnace to be built in the US. (It used a steel jacket that was water cooled.)
- During the depression, the Newburgh site was closed so Furnaces A and C were removed in 1935.
- 1954, a new Furnace A was built to supply pig iron to the Ford Motor Company's Cleveland Engine Plant. Diameter was 26' [steel-photo.org] (I remember that my first car, a 1971 Ford Torino, had a "Cleveland big block" engine.)
- By 1962, Furnace B had been removed.
- 1978, US Steel shut down the two remaining furnaces: D and new A.